Persian rug designs may be rectilinear or curvilinear, the latter being the more complex of the two. Traditional rug weavers commit the designs to memory. In more recent techniques, intricate designs are developed on graph paper and drawn to scale using actual colors. Since each square of the graph corresponds to a weaver’s knot, the outcome is exactly like the design. Computerized designs have now replaced the manually drawn ones on graph.
Classic Persian rug designs include motifs or patterns that are laid out within a border or a number of borders. The motif is placed within the confines of the border – either all-over or in the middle or to one side. Adaptations include the repeat medallion in which the central medallion pattern is repeated in a column or grid formation. Gabbeh rugs and Kelims are examples of unsymmetrical designs of Persian rugs.
The motifs are patterned on nature and take the name of the geographical area where the rug was originally woven. With time, the motifs became popular and one can now find a mix of the motifs in a single rug. But the ancient patterns remain as main patterns and the variants form the actual sub patterns.
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See also: Cleaning Persian Rugs
Persian Rug Designs Gallery